Finish the Lake and the Drawing
Shade the Lake
Now let’s make the lake look more like a lake. Begin just under the shoreline where the trees are on the right. With your blending stump held sideways, pull in a downward direction so the graphite from the stump gets smeared onto the paper. This gives the illusion of a reflection. Try to match the length of your pull to the length of the trees directly above. Keep working your way around the shoreline.
Okay, since I already made the mistake of putting this dark “tall grass” here (as I will call it), I might as well make the reflection darker so it matches. If you didn’t put any grass or trees here in your picture, then this step is unnecessary, but you can do it on other parts of the lake if you feel a darker reflection is needed.
Use the blending stump in a downward direction just like before to blend any new darker tones into the reflection of the lake. Let’s also pull some reflection of the mountains into the lake. Since the mountains are more distant, they will not have a reflection as strong as the trees and land closer to the shore.
Form your kneaded eraser into a wedge shape. Similarly to what we did with the strata on the mountains, make a few short horizontal streaks across the surface of the lake. Make sure to cut across some of the pulled-down reflections so they show through.
Then, with your pencil, lightly sketch under some of these horizontal streaks to help make the appearance of ripples in the water.
Add Finishing Touches
Now it’s time to take a look at what we have and add any finishing touches we think we may need. I’m going to use my 6B pencil and blending stump to make some of the shadows along the foot of the mountains darker. I want to make sure to maintain the curvature of the surface I am shading.
I’ll put a little shading here to make this section of the mountain stick out more.
Keep looking for areas where you can put darker tones next to lighter tones to create greater contrast. Use your kneaded eraser to create crisp shadow borders.
And that is how you draw mountains!