How to Draw a Hamburger Part 2 – Add Details to the Hamburger Outline

How to Draw a Hamburger – Intro

How to Draw a Hamburger – Part 1

How to Draw a Hamburger – Part 2

How to Draw a Hamburger – Part 3

How to Draw a Hamburger – Part 4

How to Draw a Hamburger – Part 5

How to Draw a Hamburger – Part 6

How to Draw a Hamburger – Part 7

Draw Seeds on One Side of the Bun

Okay, it looks as if we have the basic outline for our hamburger, the bun, and all of the toppings. Next, let’s add some texture to the bun.

Keep the 2H pencil.

We’re going to look at the reference photo to help us draw some of the cracks in the surface of the top bun.

We can start here with a subtle little indentation just above the first lettuce leaf.

Then we can draw another one.

Now just above this second lettuce leaf, draw a tall crack.

Make another one slightly shorter over the next leaf.

Continue to use your reference photo and sketch the subtle cracks you see in the bun. Use light pressure with your pencil. We don’t want these to look like deep cracks.

Now here on the right side, let’s begin by sketching a line going horizontally and just above the lower edge of the top bun.

Then sketch a short and narrow peak.

Sketch a few more very light lines to indicate impressions in the bread. Slant your lines at a somewhat diagonal angle to match the slope at the edge of the bun on this side.


Now it’s time to add all of the sesame seeds. Keep using the 2H pencil and draw a tiny seed overlapping the outer lower edge of the bun.

Draw another seed next to the first one.

Draw a couple more seeds close by these and close to the edge.

As I draw all of these seeds, I’ll give you directions that assume you are making your drawing match the reference and match mine. Just remember that you CAN vary the amount and placement of your seeds if you wish.

Draw a few more seeds as you work your way up along the edge of the bun.

Now I’ll come down here and draw a sideways seed that’s slightly larger.

Draw a little impression line inside too.

We can draw another one close by it.

Then we can start drawing some sesame seeds near the top of this tall crack in the bun.


Continue to draw more sesame seeds in this upper area of the bun near the crack.

Draw more seeds closer to and along the edge as well. Keep these seeds very thin.

In contrast, these seeds that I am drawing now that are away from the edge can be thicker. That’s because we can see the seeds in their entirety here, whereas with the seeds along the very edge, we only see their sides.

Next, I’ll come down to the lower part of this crack and draw a long seed that overlaps the lower edge of the bun.

Draw another seed above it and still along the crack.

Then draw another one beside the first one overlapping the edge that also overlaps.

As you sketch each one of these seeds, pay close attention not only to their size but also their shape.

For instance, you can notice that many of these seeds have one end that is slightly narrower than the other.

Also, you want to make each of the seeds close to the same size. If you are going for a realistic drawing of a hamburger with a sesame seed bun as we are in this tutorial, it would look unnatural to have some seeds very small and some seeds noticeably larger. A little variation is okay but try to avoid extreme differences in size.


Draw a few more seeds. Remember to maintain a shape and size similar to the surrounding seeds. Draw a short line in some of the seeds to represent the tiny dent found on a sesame seed’s surface. I’m taking my time here because I’m trying to match the reference photo as closely as possible. However, as I mentioned earlier, it’s perfectly okay to add, omit, or reposition some of the seeds in your drawing if you want.


Continuing on, next to this fourth lettuce leaf, I will draw half of a sesame seed right on the edge of the bun.

Then we can draw another seed close to this one, just above it and over to the left some.

Draw a pointy seed between this one and some of the seeds from earlier.

If you are trying to stick closely to the reference, it’s helpful if you look for groups or pattens among the seeds. Adding two more seeds here will complete this group of three.

Then let’s sketch another seed here above the pickle and the onion.


Draw a sesame seed with a pointy tip pointing away from us and toward the edge of the bun.

Then draw two more thin seeds lying along the bun’s edge.

Next, I’ll draw two seeds a little lower and to the right. These two seeds happen to be touching one another.

The next group of seeds we can draw are these three that are beside one another. They are not touching, but they all appear to be pointing in the same slanted direction.

Then draw one more seed below the group of three.

Let’s keep going by adding more seeds to the top of the bun. One thing I haven’t talked a whole lot about regarding these seeds is the amount of pressure on my pencil. Now, I’m still using a 2H pencil, which is a light pencil, which would imply you should be drawing lightly, as you should. I’m not intentionally using a lot of pressure, but if some of the marks look slightly dark or heavy, I’m not concerning myself with it too much. The reason for this is many of the seeds have a thin cast shadow around their borders, so they’re going to be darkened anyway. Still, I wouldn’t advise pressing down or using a softer pencil in case you need to erase mistakes.

I’ll go ahead now and sketch a few more seeds here. Then I’ll work my way down.

Next, we can draw another group of three sesame seeds right here near the center of the bun. These will be pointing sideways or slightly angled and pretty much touching one another.

Then we can put one here kind of by itself.


Draw Seeds on the Other Side of the Bun

On the upper end of this tall crack that is to the right of the pickle, draw three more seeds.

Then draw a seed on the lower end of the crack along the bottom edge of the bun.

Then draw another seed to the left of that, still close to the bun’s lower edge.

Back up to the three seeds we drew up here, draw another seed close by.

From this seed, draw three more seeds that are spaced apart. Draw the seeds one above the other, leading a trail up toward the top edge of the hamburger bun.

Up here, let’s draw several seeds that are lying along the very top edge of the bun. Remember, since we only see the sides of these seeds as opposed to the view of them from above, it’s important to draw them using very narrow shapes to resemble the edge of the seeds.

Then draw a few more trailing upward toward the top. Remember to vary the spacing between the seeds.


Draw several more sesame seeds along the top edge of the hamburger bun. Draw very narrow shapes since we only see the side edge of each seed. Draw them close together with a few of them overlapping.

Let’s draw a vertical seed over here close to the lower edge of the bun.

Then draw another group of three seeds to the left of here. Remember to have the seeds pointing in various directions and draw tiny marks on the inside of a few of them to represent the small impressions.

We will draw four more sesame seeds near the top of the bun. As I draw these seeds, I find there are a couple of different approaches I use to sketch the outline. I know that the basic shape of most of the seeds seems to be an oval body with a smaller protruding tip at one end. One approach is to just try sketching the shape using one line. Another approach is to sketch a circle or oval shape and then sketch the tip at one end, basically combining these basic shapes into the final resulting seed shape.

Draw one more seed lower down. So basically, as long as you keep the seeds generally the same size and shape, you can use any approach that works best for you.


Draw another seed on the lower end of the bun just above this curled lettuce leaf.

Sketch two more seeds below that and closer to the edge. We’re getting close to finishing up the outlining of the seeds. At this point, we’ll put a few more in this lower area and on top. Then we’ll fill in the middle.

Sketch two more seeds just above the two just drawn. Along with the one before that, that gives us a little group of five seeds hanging out over here.

Start putting some tiny ones near the top.

Staying close to the top, we can draw three more tiny seeds. Draw a couple of them overlapping one another.

Not too far below this group, I’ll draw another sesame seed. I’ll make it so this seed points toward our right side.

On the other side of that group, draw a small cluster of seeds along the top edge of the bun.

Next, begin outlining some more seeds along the edge. As I have said multiple times so far, keep these shapes very thin so they appear to show only the side of each seed.

Let’s work our way down back to the lower end of the bun. We can draw another seed here.

Then draw another seed next to that one.

Then put the indications of a couple more seeds close to the right edge of the bun.


The next thing we can do is begin to fill in some of this space in the middle. I’ll start with one sesame seed right here.

Then sketch another seed nearby that one.

After that, sketch yet another seed outline next to the last one, this time going in a different direction.

Sketch another nearby seed. A quick look at the reference photo reveals that the seeds on this side of the bun are more plentiful and closer together than over on the left side.

The next seed looks to be pointing in the up direction.

This next seed I’m drawing has sort of a wedge shape to it. A few of the seeds have slightly different shapes than most others, mostly because of the angle of the seed compared to our vantage point.

Draw a couple more seeds very close and practically touching one another.

Next, I’ll just take a moment to fill in some of the space near the top with a few more seeds.

Then we can sketch one more a little lower.


Line several more tiny seeds along the top edge of the hamburger bun.

We have a little more space to fill in before we are finished with the seeds. Let’s start here by drawing three seeds.

Then three or four here should do it. As far as sesame seeds go for the top bun, that should be enough!

Now, I haven’t stopped using this 2H pencil this whole time I’ve been drawing. I’m still using it, but I want to make the bottom edge of the top hamburger bun slightly darker. I suppose this step is more of an optional matter of preference than a necessary step. Still, I’d like to darken the value just so it’s on level with the value of the rest of the bun.

Later in our drawing, there will be a nice, crisp, thin, dark shadow just under this line that will separate the top bun from the toppings just underneath. I want to make sure this line is well-defined and doesn’t get lost in the mix as we add more details to our outline.


Add Details to the Top Lettuce and Onion Slice

Just like we added texture details to the top bun by drawing all of the cracks and sesame seeds, we’re now going to add texture details to the toppings under the bun. We’ll begin with the lettuce leaves.

Still using the 2H pencil, begin to define the outline of the first lettuce leaf.

Actually, what I have been mistakenly calling the first leaf here appears to be a group of two or three leaves. The reference photo shows us that there are these little frays along the edge of the leaves.

In addition to the occasional tears along the edge of the leaves, put little wiggles along the edge to help shape the outline.

Sketch a few lines running from the edge up toward the top bun to indicate separate leaves as well as ruffles and folds in the lettuce.


Now let’s add some detail to the outline of the second lettuce leaf. Use the reference to help you shape the wiggly edge of the leaf.

There are also some twists and folds along the edge of the lettuce leaves, like this spot around the center of the edge. Draw a few lines to indicate some of these directional shifts.

Then sketch some short lines on the leaf itself.

Keep checking the reference photo to make adjustments in the shape until you have a close resemblance. As you can see, it’s really not that difficult to draw a lettuce leaf.


Start tracing over the outline of the third lettuce leaf. Just as we did with the previous leaves, draw a wiggly, rugged line to give a feel of texture to the leaf’s outer edge.

Sketch some light lines across the surface of the lettuce leaf.

Extend a line that curves up and over the edge of the onion.

Then you can finish edging up the leaf.

We’ll sketch another light line under the bun.

Next, outline the edge of the fourth lettuce leaf. Unlike the previous three, this leaf has a smooth rather than ragged edge.

Draw a line on the leaf close to the edge that curves over the onion and rides along the side.

Sketch a few vertical lines on the leaf to indicate subtle bends and folds.


As for the onion slice, there’s not much to do right now. Sketch a few light horizontal lines.

Just do so between each lettuce leaf.


Let’s start outlining the outer edge of the next leaf. For the sake of simplicity, since I referred to the lettuce leaves on the left side of the hamburger as the first through fourth leaves, I will refer to these three on the right side as the fifth, sixth, and seventh leaf. That would make this one the fifth leaf.

Start tracing along the upper edge of this portion of the leaf that is folded up and facing towards us.

Draw a very short curve and a very short vertical line to indicate a fold about midway. Then continue the line to the left.

Then we can bring the line down.

There are some interesting folds happening with this particular lettuce leaf. There looks like another section of it folded upward and in a vertical position. Together it forms a little rectangle shape at the corner too.

Finish tracing the outline of the little rectangle shape.

Then above the rectangle, draw a curved line to indicate the inward bend of the side of the lettuce leaf.


Now we move on to the sixth lettuce leaf. Start by outlining and defining the shape along the lower edge of the leaf, including this little ruffle that is curled up.

Keep tracing the line along the bottom edge until you get to the next curled up part.

Sketch a line under the bun to outline some shadow.

All it takes is a few simple but deliberate short markings to make these folds in the lettuce look realistic and believable.

Now, as for this second curl on the sixth leaf, we already have a pretty decent foundation of the shape with the initial sketch. Aside from tracing over it, there’s very little extra I need to do.

Next, we can work on the seventh leaf. Trace over the line at the top left corner with a slightly wavier line. Then sketch a matching line underneath.

Then go over the bottom edge of the leaf, again, with a wavier line than what is already there.

Sketch a line along the contour of the lower edge of the bun, pulling away from it ever so slightly.

Then sketch some vertical lines on the lettuce, starting at the top where it meets the bun, and pulling down.

There might be a tiny bit of tomato that is visible here on the side and even some cheese.


Add Details to Other Toppings and the Patty

On the pickle, use light markings to indicate value changes, like under the leaf, under the onion, and under the onion and leaf on the other side.

On the side of the pickle, the reference photo shows us that there are these numerous circular spots. Very lightly sketch the indication of these spots with various circles on the side.


Next, add more detail to the tomato slices. There are subtle waves and dents on the surface of the slices. Lightly sketch a few loose marks along the bottom edge.

Then put a few marks on the top.

On the other tomato, we’ll do the same thing.

Sketch a few marks on the edge, horizontal this time.

Then put some squigglies on the other side.

Then finally put some on the top surface of the tomato just like before.


In these next steps, we will sketch some lines that differentiate between the light and dark areas on the cheese slice.

For example, under the pickle, we see a glossy reflection on the cheese according to the reference.

There’s a shadow area to the right.

Then there is another bit of shadow area to the left of the pickle.

You know, this isn’t something I caught earlier, but you can actually see more of this left tomato slice hidden away deep in this shadow pocket.

Now sketch a wiggly line going down the left side of the slice of cheese.

Then we can start to form this shiny highlight in the middle.

Sketch a long, somewhat thin highlight in this center part of the cheese not too far above the corner.

Sketch a wiggly line along the melted glob on the side.

Then take it up and over to the end of the slice.


Now that the outline for the hamburger’s top bun and toppings are complete, it’s time for us to focus our attention on the burger itself.

Start with a light line to separate the top surface of the patty from the patty’s side.

Then use the reference and an imaginary line over the cheese to see where to continue on the other side.

Continue sketching a loose line from the cheese to the tomato slice on the right.

From this point on, use the reference photo to loosely sketch the bumps and dents in the meat that give it its texture.

I’m using the reference as a guide, but I’m not trying to be too exact here. The main thing to look for is where light areas and dark areas occur. Most of these wavy shapes I am sketching are dark areas on the meat.

Identifying these darks shadow areas now will be very helpful when we get to the shading stage of the drawing.

Now, continue to make the same wavy shapes on the burger patty on the other side of the cheese slice.

There is a dark cast shadow area here under the cheese and tomato slice. The shadow from the tomato is on the top surface of the patty.

All that is needed now is to continue creating the wavy shape pattern on the surface of the burger patty until you get to the edge.


Add Details to the Bottom Lettuce

Okay, we are making good progress with working our way down the hamburger. The next step is to add details to the second and much thinner layer of lettuce.

I’ll begin over here on the left side by outlining this strip of lettuce that is hanging over the edge of the lower bun.

On the reference, we can see another arm to this leaf that extends farther down.

Sketch some lines in the middle.

Trace over the outline of the next leaf.

Draw two little humps to show where this lettuce leaf is folding up and towards us.

Trace along the burger and draw some curved lines to show where the lettuce overlaps the lower edge of the meat.

Draw another curved line to develop this flap in the leaf.

Then add a few more short lines of detail to the next section of lettuce.


At this point, all we need to do is simply continue doing what we just did with the previous lettuce leaves. There’s really not much to it besides paying attention to the reference photo and drawing what you see, and/or in this case, paying attention to how I am drawing each leaf and drawing along with me.

We already have the basic shapes established from the initial sketch. All we are doing now is simply fine-tuning and providing our drawing with a little extra attention-to-detail before getting into the shading portion. The key to this is to take your time, look for little details that you can replicate, simple things like where the lettuce overlaps the lower part of the burger meat.

If you believe it to be too intimidating to draw all of the ruffles and twists and folds in the individual lettuce leaves, the best thing to do is slow down and take it one small section of leaf at a time. At this point, we are mostly ignoring colors and just focusing on the contours and drawing lines that match those contours to the best of our abilities.

Okay, this part under the corner of the cheese slice should be a little easier since it doesn’t have as many twists and turns along the edges. We can mostly just outline what we already have here.

Make sure to remember this line that separates the burger patty from the lettuce.

Although some folks might find it tedious, one good thing about going over the drawing like this again with extra details is it helps you to learn more about your subject. It helps you to distinguish certain parts of the drawing from others. With a drawing this detailed, if you don’t clearly distinguish the various parts from one another, it’s easy to lose track of what’s what when you start shading.


We’re just about finished with outlining the lettuce. Continue to trace over the lettuce underneath the burger.

Here we have a big upward curl of a lettuce leaf. Draw two lines curving up and back down and overlapping.

I can make a very thin rim for the outer edge of the leaf by drawing two lines that are very close together.

Continue outlining the lettuce all the way to the end. Here we’re only using slightly wavy lines.

Again, draw a line very close to the outer edge to give out lettuce some thickness, but some very thin thickness at that.

Finish drawing the lettuce at the tip.

There is also another tip pointing out underneath the lettuce we just drew and one more here.


Add Details and Seeds to the Bottom of the Bun

Now we’ll move on to the lower bun. We’ll add a little bit of texture first.

We’ll also darken the outline.

Still use the 2H pencil to put some very light marks to indicate soft bumps and breaks in the surface.

Lightly trace over the outline of the lower edge of the bun.

Starting at the lower right corner, draw vertical marks that curve upward from the edge.

If I drag this corner up the line a slight bit, I can make it appear like there’s more of a dent in the bread.

Now, lightly trace over the right side of the bun to give the entire outline the same level of value.

Similarly to how we did on the left side, lightly sketch some lines along the lower edge of the bun, just above the edge. This will add an appearance of soft texture to the bread.

Then sketch a few more lines in the center part of the bun as well as on the right side. Use a very light touch that barely grazes the surface of the drawing paper.

Finish up by sketching a few light horizontal lines along the upper part of the bun just under the lettuce.

Next we’ll add some seeds.


Okay, all we have left are the sesame seeds. There aren’t nearly as many here on the bottom as what the top bun has, so this will go much faster!

I’ll put one here tucked away just under the lettuce.

Another is here tucked into the bread. The reference photo shows several of the seeds imbedded into the bread like this.

We’ll put a couple more here around the center. Remember, as I said several times while drawing seeds in the top bun, you CAN deviate from the reference photo and have flexibility in the amount and placement of your seeds and still end up with a terrific hamburger drawing.

Alternatively, if you want to stick to the reference photo as much as possible as I am doing, then that’s a smart choice too. The advantage of sticking to the reference is you are sharpening your observational skills.

I guess my point is, my recommendation is to follow along with me and the reference as much as you can, but don’t stress too much if you have a few differences in your seed count!

Okay, we’ll put another sesame seed here, just under where the second tomato emerges from under the top bun to make its appearance.

There are several more seeds clustered together here. So I’m going to sketch them all now. One quick reminder I should say is, and I said this earlier too but, even if you are varying your quantity of seeds and where on the bun you draw them, you should still take care to draw most of the seeds the same general shape and size. That way, your burger bun will still look realistic even if not exactly like the photo. I would also keep the quantity way fewer than the top bun to add to the realism.

Okay, just sketch two or three or so more here near the end of the bun.

That does it! This completes the line drawing of our hamburger with all of the pertinent details. From here on out, we are going to develop the drawing even further by adding shading.


How to Draw a Hamburger – Part 3

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